What is diabetes? How to control it?

Today, it is ubiquitous to have diabetes. Diabetes is catching up quickly in the way lifestyle has become nowadays. The situation is that not only older people but also the young and children are facing diabetes in today’s time. It is such a dangerous disease that slowly hollows the body.

Once this disease occurs, it stays with it for a lifetime. Increased blood sugar causes this disease, and insulin does not work correctly. That is, it also has to face many problems. If this is ignored, then other parts of the body can become inactive. How is diabetes, what is the cause of diabetes? What are the symptoms of diabetes, how can it be avoided, etc? Like you are stuck in the middle of questions, and you cannot get the right answer. Today we are explaining to you every information related to diabetes.

Reasons of diabetes

You must be aware that diabetes does not occur due to the pancreas of our body; not working correctly, or being completely useless leads to diabetes. Although there are many other factors causing diabetes, the pancreas gland is the biggest reason for this. Various types of hormones are released from the pancreas gland, among which are insulin and glucan.

Insulin is beneficial for our bodies. Therefore, insulin acts as a source of sugar to other parts of the body. The energy produced to the cells derives energy from the sugar provided by insulin. Diabetes is caused by the low production of insulin hormone. When insulin is low, the sugar does not travel in the cells and blood properly due to this energy of the cells starts decreasing, and due to this reason, the body starts to get damaged. Problems like fainting, rapid heartbeat, etc. begin to occur. 

Reasons responsible for diabetes

1- Reduced production of insulin due to diabetes leads to excess sugar in the blood as the lack of physical energy causes sugar to accumulate in the blood so that it is excreted through urine. This is why the diabetic patient has frequent urination.

2- Genetic is also the main reason for diabetes. If any of your family members are parents, siblings, then in the future, you are also more likely to get diabetes.

3- People who are overweight also have a higher risk of developing diabetes.

Your weight is an increase, your BP is very high, and cholesterol is not balanced even then you can have diabetes. Apart from this, lack of exercise also invites diabetes.

Symptoms of diabetes

1-You feel tired all day. After a good sleep, when you wake up the next morning, you feel that your rest is not complete, and your body is tired. These things indicate that the blood sugar level is constantly increasing.

2-In the case of diabetes, frequent toilet starts. When a large amount of sugar is collected in the body, it goes out of the way of urine, due to which the diabetic patient starts complaining of frequent urination.

3-The diabetic patient feels thirst again and again. The water & sugar of the body gets out of the way of urine, due to the situation of appetite. People often take this matter lightly and cannot understand that their illness has started now.

4- Early onset of diabetes mellitus affects the eyes. In the diabetic patient, the eyesight starts decreasing, and blurring appears at the beginning of the disease. To see anything, one has to emphasize the eyes.

5-Sudden weight loss begins at the onset of diabetes. The weight of a man suddenly decreases compared to regular days.

6-If there is an injury or wound in your body, and it does not heal quickly, even if there is a tiny scratch, it will gradually turn into a big wound, and the signs of infection will be visible in it.

7-Many skin diseases start at the onset of diabetes. Common skin infections become significant wounds.

An important test for diabetes

1- Glucose Test

Those who have diabetes must get glucose checked periodically. Because the glucose level of a diabetes patient increases, it can be hazardous for the patient.

2- Blood Test

Blood tests are necessary for diabetics; it shows whether the kidneys are functioning correctly or not. The kidney has a significant effect on diabetes. Regular examination keeps the patient away from kidney problems.

3- Cholesterol test

Sometimes ignoring cholesterol can also be very harmful. Because the risk of heart disease doubles when cholesterol rises in diabetics. Glucose in the blood slows down the rate of cholesterol, making it sticky, and therefore cholesterol begins to form quickly. Bad cholesterol accumulates in the arteries and veins of the blood and can cause heart problems.

4- Blood pressure test

High blood pressure is similar to the ‘silent killer.’ High blood pressure in diabetes patients can prove to be quite fatal. High BP in diabetes can also cause heart disease, heart attack, kidney, and eye problems. To avoid all this, it is essential that you get blood pressure checked regularly.

5- Legs Test

Patients with diabetes may have foot problems. In diabetes, if there is any problem of the feet, it should be taken seriously because the sensitivity of the feet starts to decrease gradually. So even the smallest foot injury can be dangerous for infection patients.

6- Eyes Test

When the amount of glucose in the blood remains elevated for a long time, it directly affects the retina. This is called retinopathy. Regular damage to the patient is necessary to prevent damage to the eyes quickly. If the dermatitis of retinopathy is not treated, the patient may also become blind. Many times a diabetic patient has blurred vision. In all these situations, contact the doctor immediately.

Treatment of diabetes

It is a disease whose treatment is not dependent on any medication. It is a lifestyle disease, and you can get rid of this disease only by making changes in your lifestyle. People who are not serious even after exposure to a dangerous disease like diabetes. They do not skip sugary food, and are fond of fast food, do not pay attention to increasing weight. They do not exercise or do yoga, drink alcohol, and eat delicious food. It becomes difficult for those who do not stop to live. Whereas, if patients are serious about their disease and make necessary changes in their lifestyle, then diabetes is possible.

How to control diabetes

You can save yourself from it by getting a low calorie, especially a low saturated fat diet. Include vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains, dairy products, and sources of omega-3 fats in your diet. Apart from this, consume plenty of fiber too.

If you get more stress, the more you will follow bad habits. If you take more stress, you will follow bad habits. Many types of research have shown that the secretion of hormones is inhibited due to stress. Therefore it increases the blood sugar level. So try ways to avoid stress.

There is no evidence that diabetes can be prevented forever. As you age, the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, and other health problems are also associated with it. Therefore, after age 45, it is necessary to undergo a complete health check-up regularly every year.

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